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European Union Paris Agreement

Since our last update in December 2019, the EU-271 has taken a major step forward in regaining its position as a climate leader in the fight against climate change. Although its measures to combat climate change are not yet compatible with the Paris Agreement, it differs from other countries in making the fight against climate change the engine of economic recovery. The EU`s main weakness remains the target of reducing emissions by at least 40% by 2030, which is outdated and extremely inadequate. In September, the Commission recommended that the EU increase its target to at least 55% (including UTCATF); But that doesn`t go far enough. Increasing this target to 65% and funding measures to combat climate change abroad would make the EU the first region to meet commitments that are compatible with the Paris Agreement. Given that these changes are not yet reflected in a significant increase in the EU`s emissions reduction target, the CTU considers that the EU-27 is “insufficient”. The EU and its member states are among the nearly 190 parties to the Paris Agreement. The EU formally ratified the agreement on 5 October 2016, allowing it to enter into force on 4 November 2016. In order for the agreement to enter into force, at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions had to file their ratification instruments. A new global agreement on climate change was reached on 12 December. The agreement is a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit global warming to a level “significantly below” 2 degrees Celsius and to limit its efforts to 1.5 degrees Celsius. On 28 November MEPs adopted a resolution calling on the EU to define climate neutrality as a long-term climate target for 2050 under the Paris Agreement and to raise the emissions reduction target to 55% by 2030. In a separate resolution, members declared the climate emergency in Europe.

Each year, the parties to the UNFCCC meet to review and review progress on the convention, related agreements and their implementation. The Presidency of the Council represents the EU in these international forums known as the “United Nations Climate Change Conferences” (COP). In the run-up to the Paris climate change conference, the EU presented its planned national contribution (INDC) to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The EU`s INDC expresses the EU`s commitment to the negotiation process for a new legally binding agreement on climate change to keep global warming below 2oC. It also reaffirmed the binding target of reducing domestic greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as indicated by the conclusions of the European Council in October 2014.

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